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Layli Long Soldier
WHEREAS a string-bean blue-eyed man leans back into a swig of beer 
work-weary lips at the dark bottle keeping cool in short sleeves and 
khakis he enters the discussion;

Whereas his wrist loose at the bottleneck to come across as candid 
“Well at least there was an Apology that’s all I can say” he offers 
to the circle each of them scholarly;

Whereas under starlight the fireflies wink across East Coast grass 
and me I sit there painful in my silence glued to a bench in the 
midst of the American casual;

Whereas a subtle electricity in that low purple light I felt their 
eyes on my face gauging a reaction and someone’s discomfort leaks out 
in a well-stated “Hmmm”;

Whereas like a bird darting from an oncoming semi my mind races to 
the Apology’s assertion “While the establishment of permanent 
European settlements in North America did stir conflict with nearby 
Indian tribes, peaceful and mutually beneficial interactions also took 

Whereas I cross my arms and raise a curled hand to my mouth as if 
thinking as if  taking it in I allow a static quiet then choose to 
stand up excusing myself  I leave them to unease;

Whereas I drive down the road replaying the get-together how the man 
and his beer bottle stated their piece and I reel at what I could have 
said or done better;

Whereas I could’ve but didn’t broach the subject of “genocide” the 
absence of this term from the Apology and its rephrasing as “conflict” 
for example;

Whereas since the moment had passed I accept what’s done and the knife 
of my conscience pierces with bone-clean self-honesty;

Whereas in a stirred conflict between settlers and an Indian that night 
in a circle;

Whereas I struggle to confess that I didn’t want to explain anything;

Whereas truthfully I wished most to kick the legs of that man’s chair 
out from under him;

Whereas to watch him fall backward legs flailing beer stench across 
his chest;

Whereas I pictured it happening in cinematic slow-motion delightful;

Whereas the curled hand I raised to my mouth was a sign of indecision;

Whereas I could’ve done it but I didn’t;

Whereas I can admit this also took place, yes, at least;

WHEREAS we ride to the airport in a van they swivel their necks and 
shoulders around to speak to me sugar and lilt in their voices 
something like nurses their nursely kindness through my hair then 
engage me as comrades in a fight together. Well what we want to know 
one lady asks is why they don’t have schools there? Her outrage empathy 
her furrowed brow. There are schools there I reply. Grade schools high 
schools colleges. But why aren’t there any stores there? There are 
stores there. Grocery stores convenience stores trading posts whatever 
what-have-you I explain but it’s here I recognize the break. It’s here 
we roll along the pavement into hills of conversation we share a ride 
we share a country but live in alternate nations and here I must tell 
them what they don’t know or, should I? Should I is the moment to seize 
and before I know it I say Well you know Native people as in tribes as 
in “people” living over there are people with their own nations each 
with its own government and flag they rise to their own national songs 
and sing in their own languages, even. And by there I mean here all 
around us I remind them. Drifting in side-glances to whirring trees 
through the van windows then back to me they dig in they unearth the 
golden question My God how come we were never taught this in our schools? 
The concern and furrow. But God the slowing wheels and we lurch forward 
in the van’s downshift and brake. Together we reach a full-stop. Trapped 
in a helix of traffic we’re late for check-in security flights our 
shoulders flex forward into panicked outward gazes nerves and fingers 
cradle our wristwatches so to answer their question now would be untimely 
because to really speak to it ever is, untimely. But there Comrades there 
there Nurses. I will remember the swing of your gold earrings. There your 
perfume around me as a fresh blanket. There you checked my pulse kindly. 
There the boundary of bedside manners;
WHEREAS a woman I know says she watched a news program a reporter 
detailed the fire a house in which five children burned perhaps their 
father too she doesn’t recall exactly but remembers the camera on the 
mother’s face the mother’s blubbering her hiccuping and wail she leans to 
me she says she never knew then in those times that year this country the 
northern state she grew up in she was so young you see she’d never seen 
it before nobody talked about them she means Indians she tells me and so 
on and so on but that moment in front of the TV she says was like opening 
a box left at her door opening to see the thing inside whereas to say she 
learned through that mother’s face can you believe it and I let her 
finish wanting someone to say it but she hated saying it or so she said 
admitting how she never knew until then they could feel;
WHEREAS the word whereas means it being the case that, or considering 
that, or while on the contrary; is a qualifying or introductory statement, 
a conjunction, a connector. Whereas sets the table. The cloth. The 
saltshakers and plates. Whereas calls me to the table because Whereas 
precedes and invites. I have come now. I’m seated across from a Whereas 
smile. Under pressure of formalities, I fidget I shake my legs. I’m not 
one for these smiles, Whereas I have spent my life in unholding. What do 
you mean by unholding? Whereas asks and since Whereas rarely asks, I am 
moved to respond, Whereas, I have learned to exist and exist without your 
formality, saltshakers, plates, cloth. Without the slightest conjunctions 
to connect me. Without an exchange of questions, without the courtesy of 
answers. This has become mine, this unholding. Whereas, with or without 
the setup, I can see the dish being served. Whereas let us bow our heads 
in prayer now, just enough to eat;
Madison Poet Laureate, writer, editor, activist and humanist
Why I chose this poem: 

Layli Long Soldier’s book, Whereas, lived in my back pack daily for six months. It rode with me from Madison to Milwaukee when I was still working for the ACLU of Wisconsin, and was more often than not my lunch companion. I really love this book. I studied and tried to absorb the craft, the lines, the placement of the words on the page. I have recommended it to many people. My copy is well worn and annotated. I hope to get it signed someday post pandemic.

Angie Trudell Vasquez (Mexican-American 2nd & 3rd generation Iowan) holds a Master of Fine Arts in Poetry from the Institute of American Indian Arts. Her work has been published in Taos Journal of PoetryYellow Medicine Review, Raven ChroniclesThe RumpusCloudthroat, and the South Florida Poetry Journal. She has poems on the Poetry Foundation’s website, and was a Ruth Lilly fellow as an undergraduate at Drake University. Her third collection of poetry, In Light, Always Light, was released by Finishing Line Press in May 2019. She co-guest edited the Spring 2019 edition of the Yellow Medicine Review. She serves on the Wisconsin State Poet Laureate Commission, and currently lives in Madison, Wisconsin. On January 20, 2020 she became Madison’s newest Poet Laureate.

Find this poem in: 
Cover of Whereas
Layli Long